White Charity

BACKGROUND / WHITE CHARITY

Developmental Assistance in Two Directions

First and foremost, CASA HOGAR focuses on helping the people of Chocó in Colombia – especially young girls. However, through our developmental assistance we ourselves start to play an active role by investing time, energy and ideas. Simply put, we invest part of our lives and personalities. By approaching people in our environment when asking them to support CASA HOGAR, we represent our cause publicly. It is important to us that we have a meaningful concept that is pragmatic and ethically sustainable. Thus, we must challenge ourselves and our active role in Germany time and again and to maintain these standards.

The theoretical deliberations concerning ‘white charity’ can be a helpful instrument.

White Charity

White charity stems from postcolonial theories and “Critical Whiteness” studies. Critical Whiteness tries to create sensibility to the mostly invisible judgements and concepts, and therewith associated privileges of being white. White charity deals with the public representation of countries of the “global South” (in our case Colombia) in countries trying to generate support (in our case Germany).

For the most part these are very basic deconstructivist reflections:

The categories “black” or “people of color” only exist in their distinction to “whiteness”. This, however, is commonly neglected. White people are often unaware of their ethnicity and define themselves as “people” that others differ from based on their skin color. “White” is the norm, and “non-white” is being different – even though this is never explicitly mentioned as this concept is very deeply rooted in our thoughts and perspectives. It is conceivable that many problems start there. This distinction consequently leads to the contraposition of “the right” compared to “the wrong” which in return inevitably leads to negative connotations being appended to the “others”. This white European ethnocentrism falls in line with the history of colonialism and its devastating global consequences, and supports the racist patterns of thinking that have been conserved until today.

How and where does this happen?

We predominantly encounter countries of the “global South”, such as Colombia, in the media. We see pictures of people living in the global South amongst advertisement of products, articles about politics and entertainment.

If you take a closer look at public advertisement you will find a dominating portrayal of white people. Product ads make use of the mechanism that we identify with the familiar which in return also strengthens and consolidates this mechanism of identification. By contrast, people of other skin colors rarely appear in public ads and if they do they are commonly placed in ads for charity organizations which aim at eliciting an emotional response of the viewer that ultimately stimulates the willingness to donate. The desired involvement of the viewer is not identification with the people in the ad, but rather empathy. Living conditions are often exaggerated and countries of the global South generally portrayed as poor, dependent, underdeveloped and in need. We see pictures of primitive agriculture, pitiful houses, tattered clothing – circumstances we would perceive as “authentically poor”. We see a young girl looking at us from below with big eyes and read the caption: “Become a sponsor!”

Our implicit assumption that the reason for their need for help is not their socio-economic situation or their global economic circumstances in relation to our wealth, but rather their blackness. Portrayals of such have a subtle, yet in the sum very powerful and enduring effect on our society.

But there’s more to it: long since, not all recipients of such advertisements in Germany are automatically white. What kind of role models and what kind of self-conception do we suggest to non-white fellow citizens when our product ads aim at the identification of the viewer with being white and our charitable ads aim at distinguishing the viewer from being non-white?

So what does this mean for us?

We seek a responsible handling of our role and the pictures we generate from Colombia. Making the society in Chocó more just cannot happen without a certain responsibility in Germany. We cannot criticize machismo and mistreating women and at the same time remain stuck in colonialistic patterns of thinking.

Of course, we are in a sense limited to seeing the world of our Colombian partners with our set of eyes and judging their actions with our set of standards. We cannot avoid such “ethnocentrism”. But what we can do is, in the sense of positionality, try to become aware of our backgrounds and understand why we see the things the way we do. It is a challenge that we can only partially meet – at least for the time being. That advertisement using imagery thought to elicit empathy is highly effective unfortunately is a persuasive argument for the continued use of such.

We try to use our imagery with awareness and conscientiously and phrase our objectives with care. Thereby we don’t want to embellish or tone down the local circumstances in Colombia. If everything was in order in Chocó we wouldn’t have gotten involved. A collaboration with our partners in Colombia on an equal footing is of great importance to us. We want to avoid generating and sustaining a form of dependence. Above all, we are committed to help realize the visions of the people living in Chocó that are first-hand standing up for a positive societal development.